Seven Common Foot Problems

foot doctorThere are many reasons people come in to see a foot doctor. The human foot includes 42 muscles, 33 joints, 26 bones and any number of ligaments and tendons which consist of strong tissues that keep all of the moving parts together. The foot is a human transportation machine, that includes the toes, heel, and ball of the foot. The feet require the proper care to remain in good health.

Stuff happens to feet

Unfortunately, the feet carry all of the body's weight. This puts a great deal of stress on the feet and can often lead to a breakdown of one or more of the parts, which is why patients seek out a foot doctor. Some of the more common foot problems include hammer toes, blisters, corns, calluses, ingrown toenails, athlete's foot, ill fitting shoes, simple wear and tear and neglect. Other conditions include diseases that can affect the foot.

Common foot problems

Some of the more common reasons patients seek out a foot doctor include the following:

Athletes Foot

Athletes foot forms from a fungus that tends to grow in warm, dark and moist environments. The area between the toes or the bottom of the foot is the perfect environment for this fungus to take hold. Athlete's foot can be determined because it inflames the skin and causes a white, scaly rash with a red base.

Symptoms include itching, burning and sometimes the feet will have a slight odor. It is important to get athlete's foot treated by a doctor because it can migrate to other parts of the body.

Hammer toes

Sometimes the second, third and fourth toes are crossed or bent in the middle of the toe's joint. This causes them to be pointed at an odd angle and is known as hammer toe. Very often, hammer toes form due to ill-fitting shoes. It is important to seek the advice of a foot doctor in order to correct this problem.

Bunions

A bunion is a crooked big toe joint that sticks out at the very base of the toe. This has the effect of forcing the big toe to turn inward and can be caused by any number of conditions. The conditions that can lead to bunions include congenital deformities, trauma to the foot, heredity and deformities.

Bunions can be extremely painful when they are confined within a shoe. It is important to seek medical attention in order to correct a bunion. Sometimes surgery is necessary to treat this condition.

Gout

Gout is a condition that typically affects older folks because it is a type of arthritis. Gout is caused by the buildup of uric acid in the joint tissues and joint fluid. The buildup of uric acid occurs when the body is no longer able to keep the uric acid levels in check. When a person has gout, the toe will get warm, swollen, red and will be extremely painful, even with the slightest touch.

With conditions like gout, there are many different ways to prevent the attack, and it is important for a patient to be under the treatment and recommendations of a foot doctor.

Other conditions

Other reasons to seek out a doctor include:

  • Claw and mallet toes
  • Plantar Fasciitis and heel spurs
  • Toenail issues: Like toenail fungus or ingrowing toenails

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